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The Vitamins 5th edition – Gerald F. Combs

Titulo del libro: The Vitamins

Autor del libro: Gerald F. Combs Jr., James P. McClung

Edición de libro: 5th edition

Formato de libro: EBook

Date published: 2017

Illustrator: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-12-802965-7

Número de páginas: 630

Libros de Medicina – Rincón Médico

The Vitamins 5th edition

Understanding the vitamins is key to understanding nutrition.
The history of their discovery and the continuing elucidation of their roles in health is the history of the emergence of nutrition as a science from the areas of physiology, biochemistry, medicine, and agriculture.
Capturing the understanding that grew out of that history is both a challenge and a privilege. For us, it involved months of reviewing thousands of publications and looking for clear ways to present complex information without overstating present understanding.
Producing this fifth edition of The Vitamins benefitted from the inclusion of a coauthor, which we believe brought a new prospective to the text. James studied the first edition of the The Vitamins as a masters student at the University of New Hampshire in 1997. He encountered the second edition of the text as Jerry’s student at Cornell University in 2001. We are hopeful that the dynamic relationship we have enjoyed, as student/mentor, colleagues, friends, and now coauthors, has resulted in the most effective edition of this text, as both a reference and a teaching aid.


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CONTENIDO:

  • Preface to the Fifth Edition
  • How to Use This Book
Part I: Perspectives on the Vitamins in Nutrition
    1. What Is a Vitamin?
    • 1. Thinking About Vitamins
    • 2. Vitamin: A Revolutionary Concept
    • 3. An Operating Definition of a Vitamin
    • 4. The Recognized Vitamins
    • 5. Study Questions and Exercises
    2. Discovery of the Vitamins
    • 1. The Emergence of Nutrition as a Science
    • 2. The Process of Discovery in Nutritional Science
    • 3. The Empirical Phase of Vitamin Discovery
    • 4. The Experimental Phase of Vitamin Discovery
    • 5. The Vitamine Theory
    • 6. Elucidation of the Vitamins
    • 7. Vitamin Terminology
    • 8. Other Factors Sometimes Called Vitamins
    • 9. Modern History of the Vitamins
    • 10. Study Questions and Exercises
    3. General Properties of Vitamins
    • 1. Vitamin Nomenclature
    • 2. Chemical and Physical Properties of the Vitamins
    • 3. Physiological Utilization of the Vitamins
    • 4. Metabolism of the Vitamins
    • 5. Metabolic Functions of the Vitamins
    • 6. Vitamin Bioavailability
    • 7. Vitamin Analysis
    • 8. Study Questions and Exercises
    4. Vitamin Deficiency
    • 1. The Concept of Vitamin Deficiency
    • 2. Clinical Manifestations of Vitamin Deficiencies
    • 3. Causes of Vitamin Deficiencies
    • 4. Study Questions and Exercises
    5. Vitamin Needs and Safety
    • 1. Dietary Standards for Vitamins
    • 2. Vitamin Allowances for Humans
    • 3. Vitamin Allowances for Animals
    • 4. Uses of Vitamins Above Required Levels
    • 5. Hypervitaminoses
    • 6. Safe Intakes of Vitamins
    • 7. Study Questions and Exercises
    • Recommended Reading
    Part II: Considering the Individual Vitamins
    6. Vitamin A
    • 1. Significance of Vitamin A
    • 2. Properties of Vitamin A
    • 3. Sources of Vitamin A
    • 4. Absorption of Vitamin A
    • 5. Transport of Vitamin A
    • 6. Metabolism of Vitamin A
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Vitamin A
    • 8. Biomarkers of Vitamin A Status
    • 9. Vitamin A Deficiency
    • 10. Vitamin A in Health and Disease
    • 11. Vitamin A Toxicity
    • 12. Case Studies
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    7. Vitamin D
    • 1. Significance of Vitamin D
    • 2. Properties of Vitamin D
    • 3. Sources of Vitamin D
    • 4. Enteric Absorption of Vitamin D
    • 5. Transport of Vitamin D
    • 6. Metabolism of Vitamin D
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Vitamin D
    • 8. Biomarkers of Vitamin D Status
    • 9. Vitamin D Deficiency
    • 10. Vitamin D in Health and Disease
    • 11. Vitamin D Toxicity
    • 12. Case Studies
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    8. Vitamin E
    • 1. Significance of Vitamin E
    • 2. Properties of Vitamin E
    • 3. Sources of Vitamin E
    • 4. Absorption of Vitamin E
    • 5. Transport of Vitamin E
    • 6. Metabolism of Vitamin E
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Vitamin E
    • 8. Biomarkers of Vitamin E Status
    • 9. Vitamin E Deficiency
    • 10. Vitamin E in Health and Disease
    • 11. Vitamin E Toxicity
    • 12. Case Studies
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    9. Vitamin K
    • 1. The Significance of Vitamin K
    • 2. Properties of Vitamin K
    • 3. Sources of Vitamin K
    • 4. Absorption of Vitamin K
    • 5. Transport of Vitamin K
    • 6. Metabolism of Vitamin K
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Vitamin K
    • 8. Biomarkers of Vitamin K Status
    • 9. Vitamin K Deficiency
    • 10. Vitamin K Health and Disease
    • 11. Vitamin K Toxicity
    • 12. Case Studies
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    10. Vitamin C
    • 1. The Significance of Vitamin C
    • 2. Properties of Vitamin C
    • 3. Sources of Vitamin C
    • 4. Absorption of Vitamin C
    • 5. Transport of Vitamin C
    • 6. Metabolism of Vitamin C
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Vitamin C
    • 8. Biomarkers of Vitamin C Status
    • 9. Vitamin C Deficiency
    • 10. Vitamin C in Health and Disease
    • 11. Vitamin C Toxicity
    • 12. Case Studies
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    11. Thiamin
    • 1. The Significance of Thiamin
    • 2. Properties of Thiamin
    • 3. Sources of Thiamin
    • 4. Absorption of Thiamin
    • 5. Transport of Thiamin
    • 6. Metabolism of Thiamin
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Thiamin
    • 8. Biomarkers of Thiamin Status
    • 9. Thiamin Deficiency
    • 10. Role of Thiamin in Health and Disease
    • 11. Thiamin Toxicity
    • 12. Case Studies
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    12. Riboflavin
    • 1. The Significance of Riboflavin
    • 2. Properties of Riboflavin
    • 3. Sources of Riboflavin
    • 4. Absorption of Riboflavin
    • 5. Transport of Riboflavin
    • 6. Metabolism of Riboflavin
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Riboflavin
    • 8. Biomarkers of Riboflavin Status
    • 9. Riboflavin Deficiency
    • 10. Riboflavin in Health and Disease
    • 11. Riboflavin Toxicity
    • 12. Case Study
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    13. Niacin
    • 1. The Significance of Niacin
    • 2. Properties of Niacin
    • 3. Sources of Niacin
    • 4. Absorption of Niacin
    • 5. Transport of Niacin
    • 6. Metabolism of Niacin
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Niacin
    • 8. Biomarkers of Niacin Status
    • 9. Niacin Deficiency
    • 10. Niacin in Health and Disease
    • 11. Niacin Toxicity
    • 12. Case Study
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    14. Vitamin B6
    • 1. The Significance of Vitamin B6
    • 2. Properties of Vitamin B6
    • 3. Sources of Vitamin B6
    • 4. Absorption of Vitamin B6
    • 5. Transport of Vitamin B6
    • 6. Metabolism of Vitamin B6
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Vitamin B6
    • 8. Biomarkers of Vitamin B6 Status
    • 9. Vitamin B6 Deficiency
    • 10. Vitamin B6 in Health and Disease
    • 11. Vitamin B6 Toxicity
    • 12. Case Studies
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    • Recommended Reading
    15. Biotin
    • 1. The Significance of Biotin
    • 2. Properties of Biotin
    • 3. Sources of Biotin
    • 4. Absorption of Biotin
    • 5. Transport of Biotin
    • 6. Metabolism of Biotin
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Biotin
    • 8. Biomarkers of Biotin Status
    • 9. Biotin Deficiency
    • 10. Biotin in Health and Disease
    • 11. Biotin Toxicity
    • 12. Case Study
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    16. Pantothenic Acid
    • 1. The Significance of Pantothenic Acid
    • 2. Properties of Pantothenic Acid
    • 3. Sources of Pantothenic Acid
    • 4. Absorption of Pantothenic Acid
    • 5. Transport of Pantothenic Acid
    • 6. Metabolism of Pantothenic Acid
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Pantothenic Acid
    • 8. Biomarkers of Pantothenic Acid Status
    • 9. Pantothenic Acid Deficiency
    • 10. Pantothenic Acid in Health and Disease
    • 11. Pantothenic Acid Toxicity
    • 12. Case Study
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    17. Folate
    • 1. The Significance of Folate
    • 2. Properties of Folate
    • 3. Sources of Folate
    • 4. Absorption of Folate
    • 5. Transport of Folate
    • 6. Metabolism of Folate
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Folate
    • 8. Biomarkers of Folate Status
    • 9. Folate Deficiency
    • 10. Folate in Health and Disease
    • 11. Folate Toxicity
    • 12. Case Study
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    18. Vitamin B12
    • 1. Significance of Vitamin B12
    • 2. Properties of Vitamin B12
    • 3. Sources of Vitamin B12
    • 4. Absorption of Vitamin B12
    • 5. Transport of Vitamin B12
    • 6. Metabolism of Vitamin B12
    • 7. Metabolic Functions of Vitamin B12
    • 8. Biomarkers of Vitamin B12 Status
    • 9. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
    • 10. Vitamin B12 in Health and Disease
    • 11. Vitamin B12 Toxicity
    • 12. Case Study
    • 13. Study Questions and Exercises
    19. Vitamin-Like Factors
    • 1. Is the List of Vitamins Complete?
    • 2. Choline
    • 3. Carnitine
    • 4. Myo-Inositol
    • 5. Ubiquinones
    • 6. Lipoic Acid
    • 7. Nonprovitamin A Carotenoids
    • 8. Flavonoids
    • 9. Orotic Acid
    • 10. Unidentified Factors
    • 11. Case Study
    • 12. Study Questions and Exercises
    Part III: Using Current Knowledge of the Vitamins
    20. Sources of the Vitamins
    • 1. Vitamins in Foods and Feedstuffs
    • 2. Vitamin Bioavailability
    • 3. Vitamin Losses in Foods
    • 4. Vitamin Fortification
    • 5. Biofortification
    • 6. Vitamin Labeling of Foods
    • 7. Vitamins in Human Diets
    • 8. Vitamin Supplementation
    • 9. Vitamins in Livestock Feeding
    • 10. Case Study
    • 11. Study Questions and Exercises
    21. Assessing Vitamin Status
    • 1. Nutritional Assessment
    • 2. Biomarkers of Vitamin Status
    • 3. Vitamin Status of Human Populations
    • 4. Global Undernutrition
    • 5. Study Questions and Exercises
    • Recommended Reading
    • Appendix A: Current and Obsolete Designations of Vitamins (Bolded) and Other
    • Vitamin-Like Factors
    • Appendix B: Original Reports for Case Studies
    • Appendix C: A Core of Current Vitamin Literature
    • Appendix D: Vitamin Contents of Foods (units per 100 g Edible Portion)
    • Appendix E: Vitamin Contents of Feedstuffs (units per kg)
    • Index
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