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Dental Emergencies

Titulo del libro: Dental Emergencies

Autor del libro: Mark Greenwood, Ian Corbett

Formato de libro: EBook

Date published: 2012

Illustrator: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 978-0-470-67396-6

Número de páginas: 250

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Descripción

Dental Emergencies
The dental emergency clinic is an important area for any dental service. Such departments are usually staffed by clinicians with a variety of backgrounds and levels of experience. This book does not attempt to be exhaustive but is a guide to help clinicians with the management of the wide variety of patients that may present. An attempt is made, where appropriate, to place patient management in an academic context.

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CONTENIDO:

  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. Introduction, Infection Control and Prescribing
  • Introduction to the dental emergency clinic
  • Infection and infection control
  • Prescribing
  • Conclusions
  • Further reading
  • 2. History Taking and Clinical Examination of Patients on a Dental Emergency Clinic
  • Introduction
  • History taking
  • Patient examination
  • Special tests
  • Record keeping
  • Consent
  • Conclusions
  • Further reading
  • 3. Radiology and the Dental Emergency Clinic
  • Introduction
  • Patients in pain
  • Trauma radiology
  • Looking at radiographs
  • Conclusions
  • Further reading
  • 4. Acute Oral Medical and Surgical Conditions
  • Introduction
  • Oro-facial swelling
  • Blistering disorders of the oral mucosa
  • Oral ulceration
  • Disturbed oro-facial sensory or motor function
  • Haemorrhage
  • Other acute conditions
  • Bony pathology
  • Summary
  • Further reading
  • 5. Restorative Dental Emergencies
  • Introduction
  • General principles
  • Pain management
  • Infections and soft tissue problems
  • Crack, fracture and mobility of teeth and dental restorations
  • Fractured and loose implants
  • Fractures and swallowing of removable prostheses
  • Conclusions
  • Further reading
  • 6. Acute Presentations of Chronic Oro-Facial Pain Conditions
  • Introduction
  • Oro-facial pain history
  • Examination of patients with oro-facial pain
  • Special investigations for oro-facial pain
  • Presentation, investigations and initial management of acute non-odontogenic oro-facial pain
  • Further reading
  • 7. Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth and Oral Soft Tissues
  • Assessment of the traumatised patient
  • Management of traumatic dental injuries
  • Injuries to the hard dental tissues and the pulp
  • Injuries to the hard dental tissues, the pulp and the alveolar process
  • Injuries to the periodontal tissues
  • Dento-alveolar fractures
  • Conclusions
  • Further reading
  • 8. Pain Relief in the Dental Emergency Clinic
  • Introduction
  • General mechanism of pain
  • Distribution of pain fibres in the mouth and jaws
  • Sources of pain in the mouth and jaws
  • Control of pain
  • Psychology of pain
  • Medication
  • The ladder of analgesia
  • Avoiding problems in prescribing analgesics
  • Further reading
  • 9. Management of the Special Needs Patient
  • Introduction
  • Commonly seen conditions
  • Assessment
  • Medical history in the patient with special needs
  • Informed consent
  • Examination
  • Factors to consider in treatment
  • Conclusion
  • 10. Making a Referral
  • Introduction
  • When to refer
  • How to refer
  • Where to refer
  • The referral letter
  • Urgency
  • Cancer referrals
  • Copies of the referral letter
  • Summary
  • Further reading
  • 11. Medical Emergencies in the Dental Emergency Clinic – Principles of Management
  • Introduction
  • Contents of the emergency drug box
  • The ‘ABCDE’ approach to an emergency patient
  • Airway (A)
  • Use of defibrillation
  • Principles of management after the initial treatment of a medical emergency
  • Conclusions
  • Further reading
  • 12. Examples of Specific Medical Emergency Situations
  • Introduction
  • Vasovagal syncope (simple faint)
  • Hyperventilation
  • Asthma
  • Cardiac chest pain
  • Epileptic seizures
  • Diabetic emergencies
  • Allergies/hypersensitivity reactions
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Stroke
  • Local anaesthetic emergencies
  • Problems with haemostasis
  • Conclusions
  • Further reading
  • Appendix 1. Normal Reference Ranges
  • Appendix 2. Changes in Vital Signs in Patients with Infection
  • Appendix 3. Warfarin Protocol
  • Appendix 4. Aspects Relating to Local Anaesthetics
  • Appendix 5. NICE Guidelines for the Removal of Wisdom Teeth
  • Appendix 6. Protocol for Surgical Dental Treatment of Patients Taking Bisphosphonates
  • Appendix 7. Common ‘Recreational’ Drugs
  • Index
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