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One of the profound implications of the terrorist attacks of 9/11 is that considerably greater public policy attention was needed to protect the homeland and provide a focused governmental response to emergency situations that arise due to natural disasters, terrorism, or even criminal activities. The most notable government reaction to 9/11 was the creation of the Department of Homeland Security through the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Homeland Security, 2011). This new cabinet-level agency was created through the integration of all or part of 22 different federal departments and agencies (Homeland Security, 2011).
A comprehensive homeland security and law enforcement agency is supposed to improve communication and intelligence gathering across the different functional areas. Since Hurricane Katrina, Homeland Security has also been in charge of spearheading responses to natural disasters. Whether and how well this new organization handles tasks as wide ranging as domestic law enforcement to the evacuations of citizens during natural disasters remains to be seen.
1. Guidelines and General Information for Public Officials and Administrators
Section I: NATURAL DISASTERS
2. Case Studies: Disasters from Natural Forces—Fires.
3. Case Studies: Disasters from Natural Causes—Hurricanes
4. Case Studies: Disasters from Natural Forces—Floods
5. Case Studies: Disasters from Natural Forces—Tornadoes
6. Case Studies: Disasters from Natural Forces—Earthquakes and Volcanoes
7. Case Studies: Disasters from Natural Sources—Other Weather, Animal, and Viral Phenomena
Section II: MAN-MADE DISASTERS
8. Case Studies: Man-Made Disasters—Industrial Accidents and Structural Failure
Section III: TERRORISM AND CRIMINAL ACTS
9. Case Studies: Disasters from Criminal or Terrorist Acts—Bombings
10. Case Studies: Disasters from Criminal or Terrorist Acts—Other Terrorist Events
11. Case Studies: Disasters from Criminal or Terrorist Acts—Shootings and Riots
12. Case Studies: Man-Made Disasters—Nuclear, Biotoxins, or Chemicals
Section IV: FINAL THOUGHTS
Title: Case Studies in Disaster Response and Emergency Management
Author: Nicolas A. Valcik, Paul E. Tracy